Pigmentation means coloring. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Special cells in the skin make melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Others affect your entire body.
If your body is stimulated to make too much melanin, your skin gets darker. Pregnancy, Addison’s disease, and sun exposure all can make your skin darker. Your skin can also experience a loss of color in many ways , Hypo-pigmentation (make a link tohttps://www.realself.com/Hypopigmentation/info on the hypopigmentation word) is a condition that causes the skin to lighten in color and is normally caused by injury to the skin. Vitiligo is a condition that causes patches of light skin a condition made famous by
Micheal Jackson and Winnie Harlow. Albinism is a genetic condition affecting a person’s skin. A person with albinism may have no color, lighter than normal skin color, or patchy missing skin color. Infections, blisters and burns can also cause lighter skin.
- Acanthosis Nigricans (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Age Spots (American Society for Dermatologic Surgery)
- Albinism (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Hyperpigmentation (American Osteopathic College of Dermatology)
- Incontinentia Pigmenti (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
- Lentigines (American Osteopathic College of Dermatology)
- Melasma (American Academy of Dermatology)
- Pityriasis Alba (American Osteopathic College of Dermatology)
- Progressive Pigmentary Purpura (American Osteopathic College of Dermatology)
- Understanding Xeroderma Pigmentosum (National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center) – PDF